User:SteveBorg/Table of Contents

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                                       Ph.D. title
                      The recovery and preservation of Maltese folk music
                         and its eventual dissemination through new media

Table of Contents

Certificate of Authorship Acknowledgments Acronyms Abstract

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Background, object and significance of the study

1.2 Conventions and treaties on intangible heritage

    (UNESCO - convention and definition of IH; Action programmes including The Memory of the   
    World: Digitization and Preservation. The special status of FADO as world heritage.)

1.3 Cultural management in the construction of ethnicity and national longing

      (Gellner, Brennan, Cesaire, Bendrups, Nagel, Fusina, Quilici, Wendrips)

1.4 Specialist entities that safeguard IH

    (IASA, ARSC, FIAF and European Union programmes Europeana, TAPE, Dismarc, National     
    legislations, etc...)

1.5 Brief analysis of topic of research

    (Why Malta? Observe cultural vision reports, international strategies to recover and   
    preserve, Malta as case study, nations that can adopt proposed model. Importance of online  
    open source sites, e.g. M3P and blogs)

Chapter 2. Literature Review

KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION OF Literature Review, Simple Comparision, Discuss

      What has been written about music recovery, preservation and dissemination? Existing  
      articles and contributions read and reviewed. 

2.1 Recovery works by Alan Lomax, Cecil Sharp, Tulla Magrini, Felix Quilici etc.

      (ensuring longevity of Maltese folk music - what Lomax did and what is being done today to  
      his collection in U.S.)
      (Armenian Institute, memory studies Iceland, Lund Centre of Archives. M3P, organization
      support FNAM ) ITMA, Louisiana Digital Folklore Archive, Singapore Archives, St. Kitts &  
      Nevis Archives, Swiss National Archives.
      Guze Cassar Pullicino, Gorg Mifsud Chircop, Anna Borg Cardona, Charles Camilleri, Steve   
      Borg (why is my study important; recovery - identified lacunae, no guardian of previous  
      works or continuity, no preservation policies and no effective dissemination).

2.2 Preservation British Archives, Library of Congress, Singapore Archives, NAVCC

      Programme Irene, 

2.2.1 The ongoing debate on what to preserve or not (retention schedule re-IH, example Louis

      Armstrong Archives); preservation vrs/or/and archiving     

2.3 Dissemination Radio Aragones, Cajun, Folkways Radio, Social networks

      Dissemination pre-media, dissemination in new media technologies, (echo chamber  
      defination in new media), crowdsourcing, crowdfunding.

Chapter 3 Methodology

3.1 Identification of research title

3.2 Objectives sought through Qualitative and quantitative research (Marshall & Rossman: 2011; Seale 2011; Berg 1989)

3.3 Theoretical framework

     (practise as research) 

3.4 Designing the research methodology

3.5 Collection, categorizing and analysis of data

3.6 Ethical considerations and consent

3.7 Leaderless organizations - operational framework

     Methods - after analyzing methodology, what shall I be doing and how. The prognosis of  
     failure (e.g. Maltese initiatives re-vinyl, għana traditional sources vrsa modern folk  
     outreach strategies; South African archive...)

Chapter 4 Maltese folk music: background on this cultural dichotomy scapegoat

4.1 Għana: its spirit and various models

4.2 Sacred music and għana: one country, two realities

4.3 The early British era 1800-1850

4.4 Police enforcement and folk music

4.5 The revival of the Imnarja festivities

4.6 Etnika and other recovery projects

4.7 Emergence of modern folk, and new attitudes

Chapter 5 Recovery

5.1 Recovery models: success stories

5.1.1 Australian NFSA acquisitions policy

5.1.2 Irish traditional Music Archive

5.1.3 Tobar an Duchais and the proposed Scottish National Sound Archive

5.1.4 Louisiana Digital Folklore Archive

5.1.5 National Archives of Malta

5.2. Folk music collectors (field works experiences of Alan Lomax, Edward Jones (include Tencyn

     Ellis corres.), Cecil Sharp, Maud Karpeles, Hamish Henderson, Felix Quilici, Barry Ancelet)  

5.2.1 The Maltese scenario (field work experiences, C.P. Badger, Steve Borg)

5.2.2 Maltese folk music recorders (Leli Muscat Il-Gexilli, Toni Sammut Il-Luzzu, Mannie

     Casha etc...)

5.3 An interview with composer Carmelo Pace's curator.

5.4 Collecting biographies through oral testimony or archival research: Ix-Xliqon

5.5 Challenging a myth: folk music in Dingli and its undocumented heritage

5.6 Manuscripts retrieval of unpublished Maltese folk songs from the 1920s to the 50s

    Ninni la tibkix iżjed, Il-Karnival tal-1877, Karita ma' Tfajla Għamja, Lil

5.7 Transcription of a rare women's slander song, il-kaljunata

     Kaljunata and Il-Lejla Le.

5.8 The recovery of the elusive threshing song Il-Għanja tal-Qiegħa from Pawlu Il-Lus

5.9 Recovering the Partridge & Jeal 1972 and 1973 Maltese bagpipe recording sessions

5.10 Identifying and acquiring Leli Il-Gexilli 's 400hr+ reel collection for FNAM

5.10.1 The Madonna lending a good hand

5.10.2 Proposing the acquisition to the FNAM as part of the National Memory

5.10.3 Analyzing and selecting records for their informational value

5.10.4 Categorizing folk singers to enable procurement of most meritable performers

5.11 Recovering folk music photographs

5.12 Compiling a national Maltese vinyl 1962-1984 catalogue

5.13 Recovering audio cassettes 1974-2000

5.14 M3P: an open-source collaborative project

5.15 Toscana Folk - ( from Recovery to Dissimination?

Chapter 6 Preservation

6.1 Audio heritage collections in danger

       IASA, ARSC, FIAF and UNESCO recommendations
       Kevin Bradley, Ray Edmondson, 

6.1.1 The Universita' di Vicenza appraisal of the Arena di Verona magnetic tape collection

6.1.2 Chris Paton on the Georgia State University programme on re-recording recordings.

6.2 Human Resources

6.3 Funding

       National Australian Sound Archives surveys/reports

6.4 Maltese national entities culture policies

          analysis and critique of 
       National Memory Project NAM 
       Malta Music Memory Project M3P (as open resource databank and archive)

Chapter 7 Dissemination

7.1 European Union’s Digital Agenda 2020

       Europeana Project and digital archiving 

7.2 Radio Aragones (promoter of Aragonese folk and gaita de boto)

7.3 User-generated content - the Newland-Pratt report

7.4 Audience engagement - The Wallace Foundation reports

7.5 Steve Jobs and new media

7.6 Market share of culture/music through new media

       websites, social networks: blogs, myspace, twitter and facebook 

7.6.1 Analysis of musical websites

       Fado Digital Portal (
       Italian folk - (;  

7.7 Maltese context

7.7.1 new media contemporary folk event promotion

7.7.2 KV outreach experiment for April 2012 musico-literary event

7.7.3 Findings of select focus group scheduled Summer 2012

7.7.4 Malta Music Memory Project M3P (as broadcaster)

Chapter 8 Conclusion

8.1 Proposing the model to other locations


Chapter 9 Bibliography

Seperate Reading Lists in three sections on:

Recovery, Preservation, Dissemination

Each list has to have related keywords.