Akkademja tal-Malti was the prime regulatory body responsible for the Maltese language from the early 20th century up to the end of the millennium, when a Government sponsored law was passed to protect issues related to the national language. On joining the European Union, Maltese became one of the recognised languages of the EU - no mean achievement for a language spoken by less than half a million people.
Initially it was known as L-Għaqda tal-Kittieba tal-Malti, Malta's oldest literary society whose earliest activities go as far back as the early nineteen twenties, led by literary giants like Dun Karm Psaila, Ġużè Muscat Azzopardi and Ninu Cremona, it spearheaded the cause of the Maltese language. The Akkademja was mainly responsible for all the major linguistic and literary development of the Maltese language during the past century, developing linguistic academic initiatives which culminated in the national recognition of a standard written Maltese.
In 2005 the Kunsill Nazzjonali tal-Ilsien Malti was set up through a Law by the Maltese Parliament. This Council is nowadays the main regulatory body of the Maltese language instead of the L-Akkademja tal-Malti.